Level 4 Kayak Skills

General aims
The Level 4 Kayaking Skills Award aims to enable candidates to:
Kayak safely and proficiently on rivers up to and including Grade III difficulty as part of a group of peers. Be capable of negotiating obstacles likely to be encountered on Grade III rivers.
Deal competently with rescue situations that might occur on rivers up to and including rivers of Grade III difficulty.

Requirements
To obtain the Level 4 Kayak Skills Award a participant must successfully explain and demonstrate the following techniques and skills at a level higher than that required for the Level 3 Kayak Skills Award and be capable of demonstrating any combination of the strokes competently and efficiently.

-Strokes-
Forward Paddle, Reverse Paddle, Emergency Stop.
Forward Sweep, Reverse Sweep and a combination of Forward and Reverse Sweep.
Edging
Draw Stroke
Sculling Draw
Hanging Draw
Low Brace
High Brace
Sculling for Support
Stern Rudder
Bow Rudder
Techniques
An ability to use water conditions available for the effective and efficient manoeuvring of a kayak.
Competence in negotiating water obstructions i.e. Standing Waves, Stoppers, and an ability to utilise it to cross a river.
Competence in negotiating bends where water flows under trees or against vertical riverbank.
Forward Ferry Gliding.
Reverse Ferry Gliding.
Breaking In accurately.
Breaking Out accurately.

-Rescues and Safety Techniques-
An X Rescue and/or Assisted X Rescue.
Eskimo Rescue (maximum lower body rotation).
Eskimo Roll.
Capable of Self-Rescue.
Curl Rescue and/or TX Rescue.
Stern Carry.
Unconscious Casualty (method of righting an unconscious person)
An ability to manoeuvre an empty kayak between two specified points.
An ability to assist an incapacitated paddler in a kayak between two specified points.
Offensive & Defensive Swimming.
An ability to use a Throw Rope to rescue a swimmer.
A practical knowledge of First Aid and its relevance to possible situations arising during a canoeing trip to include: Shock, Hypothermia, Head Injuries, Dislocations, Bleeding, CPR, EAR.
-Theory-
An understanding of the following:
River Grading
River Route Finding
Types of GP kayaks and paddles
Towing Systems and methods
Group Control and Awareness
Signals and Commands
Personal Equipment

-Properly equipped kayak:-
Rigid end loops and/or toggles.
Suitable buoyancy
Suitable foot rest
A kayak must be of sufficient volume to carry out all necessary safety equipment and perform any rescue as required by the Level 4 Kayak Skills Award

-Personal kayaking equipment-
Paddle
ISO approved Helmet
ISO approved Buoyancy Aid with integrated harness
Spray deck
Adequate hard sole footwear
Wetsuit or dry pants, dry cag or dry suit, combined with sufficient thermal clothing
Other Equipment:
Throw Rope
Knife
4-5 m Open Sling
Karabiners x 2, one screw gate, one snap gate
Towing System
First Aid Kit
Mobile Phone
Whistle
Torch
Flask and Food
Spare Clothes
Bivvy Bag or group shelter
Split Paddle
Repair Kit which should include duct tape and multi tool (at a minimum)
Dry Bag or other method of keeping equipment dry